Dashen Memorial Colloquium
Location: Liebow Auditorium
Date: Thursday 1 November 2018
Time: 4:00 p.m.
Dr. Nathan Seiberg
Institute for Advanced Study
Symmetries, Duality, and the Unity of Physics
Abstract: Global symmetries and gauge symmetries have played a crucial role in physics. The idea of duality demonstrates that gauge symmetries can be emergent and might not be fundamental. During the past decades it became clear that the circle of ideas about emergent gauge symmetries and duality is central in different branches of physics including Condensed Matter Physics, Quantum Field Theory, and Quantum Gravity. We will review these developments, which highlight the unity of physics.
May 5, 1938—May 25, 1995
Roger Dashen was a profoundly insightful theoretical physicist who made major contributions to our modern understanding of how the phenomena of particle physics emerge from the mathematics of quantum field theory. He was also deeply interested in applied physics and made innovative contributions to acoustics, wave propagation in random media, and oceanography. His intellectual generosity and broad interest in physics made him an exceptional mentor of young theorists and, later in his career, a wise and effective institution builder. He was, more than anything else, a theoretical physics natural— gifted with an uncanny ability to quickly grasp the essence of complex physical problems and to create, seemingly effortlessly, effective mathematical realizations of his insights.
Dashen studied physics at the Harvard University (where he also played in the football team), where he graduated "summa cum laude" in 1960. Then he went to Caltech, where he earned his PhD in 1964. After that, he was a professor at Caltech in 1967 and the Institute for Advanced Study in 1969. In 1986, he became a professor at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) in 1988 was Head of Faculty. He played a leading role in the establishment of a supercomputer center at UCSD and in the establishment of the Institute for Theoretical Physics of the National Science Foundation at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
In the 1960s he worked partly in collaboration with Murray Gell-Mann with current algebras of particle physics and models with chiral symmetry. In 1964, he worked on S-matrix methods to calculate electromagnetic corrections to strong interactions, including the mass difference between protons and neutrons with Steven Frautschi. In the 1970s, he studied with Brosl Hasslacher and André Neveu quantum field theoretical model theories (such as the Sine-Gordon model and the Gross-Neveu model) for extended particles and semiclassical approximations ([WKB approximation] ) for their analysis.They developed the Dashen-Hasslacher-Neveu method (DHN) for quantization of solitons using path integrals. After the discovery of instantons in the quantum (QCD) by Polyakov, he examined it with David Gross and Curtis Callan. In the 1980s, he worked with lattice gauge theory s and found with Neuberger (regardless of Giorgio Parisi) is an upper bound for the Higgs Boson - mass.
Dashen was also involved in sound propagation in the ocean (with military applications in mind), where he applied quantum field theoretical methods (such as path integrals and the renormalization group) on the problem of random scattering of sound in the ocean. He worked with his JASON colleagues Kenneth Watson and Frederik Zachariason. Dashen was senior scientific adviser to the US Navy, including the committee on the safety of SSBNs, the rocket-carrying submarines, and matters relating to submarine warfare. He was a member of the JASON Defense Advisory Group.
Dashen was a member of the National Academy of Sciences since 1984.